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Changing food rituals: An anthropological approach to hospitality in Tunisia
Tunisian hospitality is based on respect for the guest and on providing the guest with care, protect...

Folk culture and cognitive sciences
The cognitive sciences have developed and there have been significant changes to fields such as ling...

Heroism in popular literature
Some people consider folk biography a type of verbal art that includes folk history’s events a...
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Issue 36
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Folk heritage: Bahrain’s message to the world
Issue 36

In 1979, Doha was preparing to host the sixth Conference of Arab Gulf Information Ministers. Following the directives of Dr. Isa bin Ghanem Al Kuwari, who was then the Minister of Information, I was working on the establishment of the Department of Studies and Research at the Directorate of Culture and Arts.

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Folk culture and cognitive sciences
Issue 36

The cognitive sciences have developed and there have been significant changes to fields such as linguistics, neuropsychology, the humanities, biology and artificial intelligence.

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Colloquialism and poetry in Lebanon
Issue 36

Researchers disagree on the definitions for colloquial language and vernacular poetry; they call this genre of literature by different names. Some call it ‘zajal’, which includes various forms of poetry such as the colloquial. Others believe that vernacular poetry is in the Lebanese dialect. Some tend to define zajal as orally narrated poetry, and they describe poetry in the colloquial Lebanese dialect that follows the norms of classical poetry as ‘colloquial poetry’.

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“Arabian Nights” in the visual arts of the East and West
Issue 36

The artistic features and different styles in the tales of the Arabian Nights have long inspired artists. These artistic features helped artists create and depict a surreal relationship between reality and fantasy in their drawings and various other forms of expression.
Dr. Mustafa Al Razaz says, “We can imagine the various authors of the tales in the Arabian Nights and their attitudes towards drawing, sculpture and painting, all of which existed but which had to be hidden because artists were afraid of being accused of idolatry or polytheism.»

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Heroism in popular literature
Issue 36

Some people consider folk biography a type of verbal art that includes folk history’s events and heroes. This is because verbal folk arts are considered constantly renewed historical phenomena because they are simple and they satisfy the human need to narrate and listen to stories. As a result, folktales as a phenomenon are common to all cultures.

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Changing food rituals: An anthropological approach to hospitality in Tunisia
Issue 36

Tunisian hospitality is based on respect for the guest and on providing the guest with care, protection, food and shelter in accordance with a set of norms and traditions that developed over time. However, hospitality varies by region, social class and lifestyle, and hospitality in rural areas differs from that in the cities.

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Marriage rituals and customs in tlemcen: A semio-anthropological study
Issue 36

With all its customs and rituals, marriage is a theatrical scene rich in signs and connotations that form the semiotics of the event. All the senses must collaborate to capture the tangible and figurative expressions. The presence of figures (people) in this space, each performing his required role, represents non-linguistic signs.

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Modernising a post-Independence society: A documentary study of the new folk song in Tunisia
Issue 36

General conclusions about new folk songs in Tunisia:
•    The new Tunisian folk song of the mid-20th century was closely associated with the country’s trends, which included a trend towards modernisation and away from obsolete traditions that hindered social and cultural development.

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When man expresses himself through music: The example of the flute
Issue 36

People invented musical instruments as a way to express their hidden selves; instruments allow others to hear one’s voice.
The flute may be the most widely known and widely spread musical instrument that man invented to express his emotions and thoughts.
The flute has always been associated with loneliness, and the lonely use the flute to help and comfort them in their solitude. People may have chosen the flute for its simplicity and expressive potential.

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Birush in the cultural heritage of northern Sudan
Issue 36

Birush, (mats made of palm fronds), provide a source of income in Sudan. Sudanese women enjoy both social and economic benefits from making birush in their free time. Birush creates work for women in Marwi, where job opportunities for women are scarce and, when women contribute to the family income, they enjoy a higher status in the family and society.

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