By Qassim El-Baji, Tunisia
The effects of adaptation (which is associated with spontaneous musical performances) on an audience are dependent on practicalities. The adaptation usually meets the desired meaning and goals of the music. The majority of researchers and musicians believe that the spontaneous performance using Western instruments for all types of music is merely an example of adaptation.
The way that Arab music is performed must adapt to the sociological aspects of the musical discourse (for example to elicit sadness or to inspire). The spontaneous performance produces sounds that are recognised and used to serve functions. The way that people respond to such sounds is affected by the climate, environment, their personal tastes, and psychological factors. These factors make the sensory tangible.
Experiments with adaptation involve distinct ethnic features that emphasise the role of the environment and climate, leading to what is known as ‘cultural ecology’. When a musician learns through experimentation, he implements some changes.
The quality of performance is influenced by the composition, maturity and behaviour, and the combination of these contributes to each stage of adaptation.
In conclusion, we realise that in the Arab world, adaptation depends on technical factors and on the musician’s ability. The relationship between the technical factors and the musical balance creates what musicians call the ‘fingerprint’. Although there are clear differences among cultures, adaptation is affected by social factors ranging from education to intellectual identity that are translated into music depending on the musician and his skills, and this satisfies many different tastes.