In 1979, Doha was preparing to host the sixth Conference of Arab Gulf Information Ministers. Following the directives of Dr. Isa bin Ghanem Al Kuwari, who was then the Minister of Information, I was working on the establishment of the Department of Studies and Research at the Directorate of Culture and Arts.
The cognitive sciences have developed and there have been significant changes to fields such as linguistics, neuropsychology, the humanities, biology and artificial intelligence.
Researchers disagree on the definitions for colloquial language and vernacular poetry; they call this genre of literature by different names. Some call it ‘zajal’, which includes various forms of poetry such as the colloquial. Others believe that vernacular poetry is in the Lebanese dialect. Some tend to define zajal as orally narrated poetry, and they describe poetry in the colloquial Lebanese dialect that follows the norms of classical poetry as ‘colloquial poetry’.
The artistic features and different styles in the tales of the Arabian Nights have long inspired artists. These artistic features helped artists create and depict a surreal relationship between reality and fantasy in their drawings and various other forms of expression.
Dr. Mustafa Al Razaz says, “We can imagine the various authors of the tales in the Arabian Nights and their attitudes towards drawing, sculpture and painting, all of which existed but which had to be hidden because artists were afraid of being accused of idolatry or polytheism.»
Some people consider folk biography a type of verbal art that includes folk history’s events and heroes. This is because verbal folk arts are considered constantly renewed historical phenomena because they are simple and they satisfy the human need to narrate and listen to stories. As a result, folktales as a phenomenon are common to all cultures.
Tunisian hospitality is based on respect for the guest and on providing the guest with care, protection, food and shelter in accordance with a set of norms and traditions that developed over time. However, hospitality varies by region, social class and lifestyle, and hospitality in rural areas differs from that in the cities.
With all its customs and rituals, marriage is a theatrical scene rich in signs and connotations that form the semiotics of the event. All the senses must collaborate to capture the tangible and figurative expressions. The presence of figures (people) in this space, each performing his required role, represents non-linguistic signs.
General conclusions about new folk songs in Tunisia:
• The new Tunisian folk song of the mid-20th century was closely associated with the country’s trends, which included a trend towards modernisation and away from obsolete traditions that hindered social and cultural development.
People invented musical instruments as a way to express their hidden selves; instruments allow others to hear one’s voice.
The flute may be the most widely known and widely spread musical instrument that man invented to express his emotions and thoughts.
The flute has always been associated with loneliness, and the lonely use the flute to help and comfort them in their solitude. People may have chosen the flute for its simplicity and expressive potential.
Birush, (mats made of palm fronds), provide a source of income in Sudan. Sudanese women enjoy both social and economic benefits from making birush in their free time. Birush creates work for women in Marwi, where job opportunities for women are scarce and, when women contribute to the family income, they enjoy a higher status in the family and society.